#NEXUS [!This data set was downloaded from TreeBASE, a relational database of phylogenetic knowledge. TreeBASE has been supported by the NSF, Harvard University, Yale University, SDSC and UC Davis. Please do not remove this acknowledgment from the Nexus file. Generated on May 07, 2021; 1:32 GMT TreeBASE (cc) 1994-2008 Study reference: Andres B., & Ji Q. 2008. A new pterosaur from the Liaoning Province of China, the phylogeny of the Pterodactyloidea, and convergence in their cervical vertebrae. Palaeontology, 51(2): 453-469. TreeBASE Study URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S13767] BEGIN TAXA; TITLE Taxa1; DIMENSIONS NTAX=61; TAXLABELS '"Phobetor" parvus' '"Pterodactylus" longicollum' Anhanguera_blittersdorffi Anhanguera_piscator Anhanguera_santanae Anurognathus_ammoni Azhdarcho_lancicollis Bakonydraco_galaczi Beipiaopterus_chenianus Boreopterus_cuiae Campylognathoides_liasicus Chaoyangopterus_zhangi Ctenochasma_elegans Ctenochasma_porocristata Cycnorhamphus_suevicus Dimorphodon_macronyx Dsungaripterus_weii Elanodactylus_prolatus Eoazhdarcho_liaoxiensis Eopteranodon_lii Eosipterus_yangi Feilongus_youngi Gallodactylus_canjuersensis Gegepterus_changi Germanodactylus_cristatus Germanodactylus_rhamphastinus Gnathosaurus_macrurus Gnathosaurus_subulatus Haopterus_gracilis Huanhepterus_quingyangensis Huaxiapterus_jii Istiodactylus_latidens Istiodactylus_sinensis Jidapterus_edentus Kepodactylus_insperatus Liaoningopterus_gui Liaoxipterus_brachyognathus Lonchodectes_compressirostris Mesadactylus_ornithosphysos Noripterus_complicidens Nurhachius_ignaciobritoi Nyctosaurus_bonneri Nyctosaurus_gracilis Plataleorhynchus_streptophorodon Pteranodon_longiceps Pteranodon_sternbergi Pterodactylus_antiquus Pterodactylus_kochi Pterodaustro_guinazui Quetzalcoatlus_sp. Rhamphorhynchus_muensteri Sinopterus_dongi Sinopterus_gui Tapejara_imperator Tapejara_navigans Tapejara_wellnhoferi Thalassodromeus_sethi Tropeognathus_mesembrinus Tupuxuara_leonardii Tupuxuara_longicristatus Zhejiangopterus_linhaiensis ; END; BEGIN CHARACTERS; [! TreeBASE Matrix URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/matrix/TB2:M15589] TITLE 'Pterodactyloidea Andres and Ji (2008)'; LINK TAXA = Taxa1; DIMENSIONS NCHAR=111; FORMAT DATATYPE=Standard SYMBOLS= "0 1 2 3 4 5 6" MISSING=? GAP= -; CHARSTATELABELS 1 'Skull length exclusive of cranial crests:' / 'between_three_and_five_times_the_height_(3.00_<_skull_length/height_<_5.00)' 'more_than_five_times_the_height_(skull_length/height_³_5.00)' 'less_than_three_times_the_height_(skull_length/height_²_3.00)', 2 'Dorsal margin of skull shape:' / nearly_straight convex concave, 3 'Rostrum shape:' / compressed_laterally 'compressed_antero-posteriorly' 'depressed_dorso-ventrally', 4 'Rostrum length anterior to external nares:' / less_than_50%_of_the_skull_length_exclusive_of_sagittal_crests extremely_reduced at_least_50%_of_the_skull_length_exclusive_of_sagittal_crests, 5 'Anterior end of premaxillae/maxillae shape:' / straight upturned downturned, 6 'Anterior tip of the rostrum with a dorsally reflected palatal surface:' / absent present, 7 'Nasoantorbital fenestra length:' / less_than_40%_of_the_skull_length at_least_40%_of_the_skull_length, 8 'Posterior margin of the nasoantorbital fenestra shape:' / nearly_a_straight_angle rounded_and_concave_outline, 9 'Orbit shape:' / subcircular small_and_circular piriform at_least_one_and_a_half_times_higher_than_wide, 10 'Orbit position:' / 'middle_of_the_skull_with_the_ventral_margin_of_the_orbit_below_the_middle_of_the_antorbital/nasoantorbital_fenestra_and_the_dorsal_margin_of_the_orbit_above_the_dorsal_margin_of_the_antorbital/nasoantorbital_fenestra' 'high_in_the_skull_with_the_ventral_margin_of_the_orbit_the_same_level_or_above_the_middle_of_the_antorbital/nasoantorbital_fenestra' 'low_in_the_skull_with_the_entire_orbit_lower_than_the_dorsal_margin_of_the_antorbital/nasoantorbital_fenestra', 11 'Angle between lacrimal and postorbital and lacrimal processes of the jugal:' / distinct_angle infilled, 12 'Posteriorly-directed process on the jugal process of the lacrimal:' / absent present, 13 'Anteriorly-directed process on the postorbital process of the jugal:' / absent present, 14 'Suborbital vacuity:' / absent present, 15 'Premaxillary sagittal crest:' / absent present, 16 'Premaxillary sagittal crest shape:' / striated_with_a_nearly_straight_dorsal_margin 'round_and_blade-shaped' 'tall_anteriorly,_decreasing_in_height_posteriorly' 'low_anteriorly,_increasing_in_height_posteriorly' 'low_with_a_humped_antero-dorsal_margin' low_ridge, 17 'Elongate dorsal spine extending above premaxillary crest:' / absent present, 18 'Premaxillary sagittal crest position:' / entire_crest_anterior_to_the_nasoantorbital_fenestra crest_starting_anterior_to_and_extending_posterior_to_the_anterior_margin_of_the_nasoantorbital_fenestra crest_starting_at_the_anterior_margin_of_the_nasoantorbital_fenestra_and_extending_backwards crest_starting_near_the_anterior_margin_of_the_skull_and_extending_over_the_occipital_region crest_starting_at_the_posterior_half_of_the_nasoantorbital_fenestra, 19 'Lateral expansion of the anterior tip of jaws:' / absent present, 20 'Posterior ventral expansion of the maxilla:' / absent present, 21 'Nasal process:' / present absent, 22 'Nasal process position:' / placed_laterally placed_medially, 23 'Free nasal process length:' / long short, 24 'Nasal process orientation:' / 'directed_antero-ventrally' directed_ventrally 'directed_postero-ventrally', 25 'Foramen on nasal process:' / absent present, 26 'Bony frontal crest:' / absent present, 27 'Bony frontal crest shape:' / low_and_blunt low_and_elongated high_and_expanded, 28 'Lacrimal process of jugal thickness:' / broad thin, 29 'Lacrimal process of the jugal inclination:' / inclined_anteriorly subvertical strongly_inclined_posteriorly, 30 'Bony parietal crest:' / absent present, 31 'Bony parietal crest shape:' / blunt 'laterally_compressed_and_posteriorly_expanded,_with_a_rounded_posterior_margin' constituting_the_base_of_the_posterior_portion_of_the_cranial_crest, 32 'Posterior region of skull rounded with squamosal displaced ventrally:' / absent present, 33 'Squamosal position:' / above_the_base_of_the_lacrimal_process_of_the_jugal below_or_level_with_the_base_of_the_lacrimal_process_of_the_jugal, 34 'Orientation of quadrate relative to the ventral margin of skull:' / subvertical inclined_about_120û_posteriorly inclined_about_150û_posteriorly, 35 'Position of articulation between skull and mandible:' / posterior_to_the_middle_of_the_orbit anterior_to_the_middle_of_the_orbit under_the_middle_of_the_orbit, 36 'Helical jaw joint:' / absent present, 37 'Supraoccipital shape:' / does_not_extend_backwards extends_backwards, 38 'Distal ends of paroccipital processes:' / not_expanded expanded, 39 'Palate with ridge and mandible with sulcus:' / absent present, 40 'Palatal ridge length:' / tapering_anteriorly confined_posteriorly, 41 'Palatal ridge shape:' / discrete strong, 42 'Interpterygoid opening size:' / larger_than_subtemporal_fenestra smaller_than_subtemporal_fenestra, 43 'Mandibular symphysis position:' / at_same_level_as_rami located_well_below_rami on_a_symphyseal_shelf_dorsal_to_ventral_margin, 44 'Bony mandibular symphysis length:' / less_than_30%_of_the_mandible_length at_least_30%_of_the_mandible_length, 45 'Anterior tip of dentary shape:' / straight projected_anteriorly downturned upturned, 46 'Dentary bony sagittal crest:' / absent present, 47 'Teeth:' / present absent, 48 'Tip of rostrum:' / teeth_present teeth_absent, 49 Tip_of_mandible / teeth_present teeth_absent, 50 'Posterior margin of the maxillary toothrow:' / 'extends_posterior_to_the_anterior_margin_of_naris/nasoantorbital_fenestra' 'at_or_anterior_to_the_anterior_margin_of_the_naris/nasoantorbital_fenestra', 51 'Toothrow length:' / more_than_or_equal_to_one_third_of_the_skull_length less_than_one_third_of_the_skull_length, 52 'All teeth set sub-horizontally in jaws:' / absent present, 53 'Distance between successive teeth:' / most_less_than_the_diameters_of_the_teeth most_more_than_the_diameters_of_the_teeth most_constant_and_subequal_to_the_diameters_of_the_teeth, 54 'Position of largest maxillary teeth:' / middle_of_maxilla located_mesially located_distally, 55 'Variation in the size of anterior teeth with 5th and 6th smaller than 4th and 7th:' / absent present, 56 'Tooth shape:' / 'recurved_and_labio-lingually_compressed' slender sharp_and_conical broad_with_oval_base 'lancet-shaped_and_labio-lingually_compressed' 'spike-shaped_with_wide,_sub-circular_base', 57 'Tooth height:' / elongate_teeth_absent elongate_teeth_present, 58 'Strongly recurved teeth present:' / absent present, 59 'Inclination of teeth:' / all_teeth_upright anterior_teeth_procumbent all_teeth_procumbent, 60 'Tooth number:' / less_than_100 at_least_100, 61 'Notarium:' / absent present, 62 'Atlas and axis:' / unfused fused, 63 'Postexapophyses on cervical vertebrae:' / absent present, 64 'Lateral pneumatic foramen on centrum of cervical vertebrae:' / absent present, 65 'Mid-cervical vertebrae length:' / 'short_(length/mid-width_²_2.5)' 'elongate_(2.5_<_length/mid-width_<_5)' 'extremely_elongated_(length/mid-width_³_5)', 66 'Neural spines of mid-cervical vertebrae shape:' / 'blade-shaped' 'spike-shaped' ridge, 67 'Neural spines of mid-cervical vertebrae height:' / tall low extremely_reduced_or_absent, 68 'Number of posterior-cervical vertebrae:' / one two, 69 'Neural spines of posterior-cervical vertebrae height:' / tall low, 70 'Length of the scapula relative to coracoid length:' / 'scapula_at_least_one_and_a_half_the_coracoid_length_(sca/cor_³_1.50)' 'scapula_between_one_and_one_and_a_half_times_the_coracoid_length_(1.00_²_sca/cor_<_1.50)' 'scapula_at_least_80%_but_less_than_the_coracoid_length_(0.8_<_sca/cor_<_1.00)' 'scapula_at_most_80%_of_the_coracoid_length_(sca/cor_²_0.8)', 71 'Proximal surface of scapula shape:' / elongated 'sub-oval', 72 'Scapula shape:' / elongated stout_with_constricted_shaft, 73 'Scapula rotated outwards:' / absent present, 74 'Scapula articulates with notarium:' / absent present, 75 'Sternum shape:' / 'semi-circular' rectangular triangular, 76 'Coracoid contact surface with sternum:' / 'articulation_surface_flattened,_lacking_posterior_expansion' 'articulation_surface_oval,_with_posterior_expansion', 77 'Coracoidal flange:' / absent present, 78 'Broad tubercle on ventroposterior margin of coracoid:' / absent present, 79 'Cristospine constricted behind coracoid facets:' / absent present, 80 'Cristopine shape:' / shallow_and_elongated deep_and_short, 81 'Length of humerus relative to metacarpal IV length:' / 'humerus_at_least_two_and_a_half_times_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(hu/McIV_³_2.50)' 'humerus_between_one_and_a_half_and_two_and_a_half_times_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(1.50_<_hu/McIV_<_2.50)' 'humerus_between_55%_and_up_to_one_and_a_half_times_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(0.55_<_hu/McIV_²_1.50)' 'humerus_at_most_55%_of_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(hu/McIV_²_0.55)', 82 'Length of humerus relative to femur length:' / 'humerus_at_most_82%_of_the_femur_length_(hu/fe_²_0.82)' 'humerus_between_82%__and_140%_of_the_femur_length_(1.40_>_hu/fe_>_0.82)' 'humerus_at_least_140%_of_the_femur_length_(hu/fe_³_1.40)', 83 'Length of the ulna relative to the femur length:' / 'ulna_at_most_160%_the_femur_length_(ul/fe_²_1.60)' 'ulna_more_160%_the_femur_length_(ul/fe_>_1.60)', 84 'Ventral surface of proximal end of humerus:' / pneumatic_foramen_absent pneumatic_foramen_present, 85 'Dorsal surface of proximal end of humerus:' / pneumatic_foramen_absent pneumatic_foramen_present, 86 'Position of deltopectoral crest on humerus:' / proximally_placed positioned_farther_down_on_humerus, 87 'Deltopectoral crest of humerus shape:' / broad_with_almost_straight_anterior_margin 'subrectangular,_extending_down_the_humerus_shaft_for_greater_than_or_equal_to_30%_of_the_humerus_length' distally_expanded_and_rounded warped elongate_and_rounded elongate_with_straight_proximal_and_distal_margins 'enlarged_and_hatchet-shaped', 88 'Medial (ulnar) crest of humerus:' / reduced distinct, 89 'Medial (ulnar) crest of humerus shape:' / directed_posteriorly massive_with_a_developed_proximal_ridge, 90 'Humerus shaft shape:' / straight bowed, 91 'Midshaft of humerus tapered:' / absent present, 92 'Distal end of humerus:' / 'oval_or_D-shaped' subtriangular, 93 'Distal end of humerus:' / pneumatic_foramen_absent pneumatic_foramen_present, 94 'Length of ulna relative to humerus length:' / 'ulna_less_than_one_and_a_half_times_humerus_length_(ul/hu_<_1.50)' 'ulna_at_least_one_and_a_half_times_humerus_length_(ul/hu_³_1.50)', 95 'Length of ulna relative to tibia length:' / 'ulna_at_most_the_tibia_length_(ul/ti_²_1.00)' 'ulna_longer_than_the_tibia_length_(ul/ti_>_1.00)', 96 'Diameter of the radius relative to the ulna diameter:' / radius_more_than_half_of_the_ulna_diameter radius_at_most_half_of_the_ulna_diameter, 97 'Distal syncarpal shape:' / fused_in_a_rectangular_unit fused_in_a_triangular_unit, 98 'Medial carpal shape:' / longer_than_wide wider_than_long, 99 'Pteroid length:' / shorter_than_half_the_length_of_the_ulna longer_than_half_the_length_of_the_ulna, 100 'Metacarpals I-III:' / articulate_with_carpus 'metacarpal_III_articulates_with_carpus,_metacarpals_I_and_II_reduced' do_not_articulate_with_carpus, 101 'Length of first wing phalanx relative to metacarpal IV length:' / 'first_phalanx_at_least_twice_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(f1dIV/McIV_³_2.00)' 'first_phalanx_up_to_twice_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(1.00_<_f1dIV/McIV_<_2.00)' 'first_phalanx_at_most_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(f1dIV/McIV_²_1.00)', 102 'Length of first wing phalanx relative to tibia length:' / 'first_phalanx_less_than_one_and_a_third_the_of_the_tibia_length_(f1dIV/ti_<_1.33)' 'first_phalanx_at_least_one_and_a_third_the_tibia_length_(f1dIV/ti_³_1.33)', 103 'Length of the second wing phalanx relative to the first phalanx length:' / 'second_phalanx_at_least_the_first_phalanx_length_(f2dIV/f1dIV_³_1.00)' 'second_phalanx_between_70%_and_the_first_phalanx_length_(_0.70_<_f2dIV/f1dIV_<1.00)' 'second_phalanx_at_most_70%_of_the_first_phalanx_length_(f2dIV/f1dIV_²_0.70)', 104 'Length of second wing phalanx relative to the ulna length:' / 'second_phalanx_less_than_the_ulna_length_(f2dIV/ul_<_1.00)' 'second_phalanx_at_least_the_ulna_length_(f2dIV/ul_³_1.00)', 105 'Length of the third wing phalanx relative to the first phalanx length:' / 'third_phalanx_at_least_the_first_phalanx_length_(f3dIV/f1dIV_³_1.00)' 'third_phalanx_less_than_the_first_phalanx_length_(f3dIV/f1dIV_<_1.00)', 106 'Cross-section of second and third wing phalanges:' / round_to_subtriangular 'inverted_T-shaped_cross_section', 107 'Ischiopubic plate:' / unexpanded present absent, 108 'Strongly bowed femur:' / absent present, 109 'Angle of femur caput to shaft:' / at_most_145¡ greater_than_145¡, 110 'Length of the femur relative to metacarpal IV length:' / 'femur_at_least_twice_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(fe/mcIV_³_2.00)' 'femur_between_one_and_a_quarter_and_twice_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(1.25_<_fe/mcIV_<_2.00)' 'femur_between_one_half_and_up_to_one_and_a_quarter_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(0.50_<_fe/mcIV_²_1.25)' 'femur_at_most_one_half_the_metacarpal_IV_length_(fe/mcIV_²_0.50)', 111 'Length of metatarsal III relative to tibia length:' / 'metatarsal_III_between_one_third_and_one_half_of_the_tibia_length__(mtIII/ti_>_0.33)' 'metatarsal_III_at_most_one_third_the_tibia_length__(mtIII/ti_²_0.33)', ; MATRIX [ 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 ] [ . . . . . . . . . . . ] '"Phobetor" parvus' 000000001100011001011----1101120011?11????010001100012030000??????????????????????????5?????????01????????????? '"Pterodactylus" longicollum' 120000000000000---00000?00-010-1122?0?0--??1000001001102001000001010?1000-??00??20000040-000?000???010{12}11?10121 Anhanguera_blittersdorffi 100001012011001100101----10011000111001001010100000011150110??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Anhanguera_piscator 10000101201100110010010011001100011100???1010100000011150110011101010311?-01001121101031001111111??1??1??020121 Anhanguera_santanae 1000010120110011?0100100110011000111001001010?0000001115?1100111010103111-?100??211010310011???110?1111??02???1 Anurognathus_ammoni 011100-0??000?0---0000-100-01?????????????0-00000000110200000???0????1???-??????011??000-1000010??000100???0?00 Azhdarcho_lancicollis ??0?0?????????????0????????????????1??0--?????1-------------11102221?????1?????????1015??0?0?????????????1????? Bakonydraco_galaczi ??0???????????????0????????????????1??0--?01011-------------??10221???????????????????????????????????????????? Beipiaopterus_chenianus ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0???10101100?-?010??2210?04??100?000??0?01201??0?20 Boreopterus_cuiae 1002000?000??00---00?????0-??0-??22?0?????0100000000110110110?00100?????????????210???????0??010??0?11111??0?21 Campylognathoides_liasicus 000000-00000000---0000-000-000-00000000--00-20001000100000000000000??100?-10000011100010-??00010?00001011?10010 Chaoyangopterus_zhangi 020?00????????0---00??????????????????????11001-------------??10121??100?????001300?00???000?000??1{12}10211010021 Ctenochasma_elegans 120200000000000---00{01}00200-010-1122?00????0100000101210110210?00101011000-0000??21000040-100?000??0?10111?10120 Ctenochasma_porocristata ?20?00?????00?100100??????????????????0--???0?00010121?11021??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Cycnorhamphus_suevicus 120000000000000---00001?00-?1111122??00--?010000?110???111?0?0001010?1000-00000121000040-100?000???010111010121 Dimorphodon_macronyx 010000-03000000---0000-000-000-0?00?00????0-00000000100000000?00000??1000-?00???11000000-1000000000000000?00010 Dsungaripterus_weii 000010001100011001011----11011200111110--101300110001203000011110001000011100?01300??05110?0?00001?0101110?1021 Elanodactylus_prolatus ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0?1?122011000-?000??2???1040-100?0?0?0101?0100????? Eoazhdarcho_liaoxiensis ??0???????????????0???????????????????0--?11001-------------???0121??1?0????1???210??05??00??00???12101110?0?2? Eopteranodon_lii 01002010??0???110-00???????11??????1??0--?012?1-------------??1?100??{12}?0??0?1???210??051?000?100??1?1?11101002? Eosipterus_yangi ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0???????????1????????0??00???0101110?0?20 Feilongus_youngi 12020000?00000100000000000-01111?2?0000--?0100000110110111{01}0??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Gallodactylus_canjuersensis 120000000000000---00001000-?111?1?2??0????0?00???????????????????????100???000???????????????????????0111?101?1 Gegepterus_changi 120210000001001000?0000200-000-1?22?0?0--?0?300??10011?11021?011101???????0?10?????????????????????{01}1?1??0?0??? Germanodactylus_cristatus 00000000000000100200000100-010-1022?00????0100011000100200000?0?1??011000-?000??2100004??100?000????10111??0121 Germanodactylus_rhamphastinus 00000000000000100200000000-010-1022?0?????0?00000000100200000?0?101???000-?0????210??????100?000????10101?10121 Gnathosaurus_macrurus ??????????????????1???????????????????100?0?000?0??11?01??11??11222???????????????????????????????????????????? Gnathosaurus_subulatus 10220000000000100110000000-010-1122?0010000?0000?10111011121??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Haopterus_gracilis 0000000?00?00?0---0001110??????0?1??0??????100000000110200000?0?0??0?200?-0000002???0040-000?010????1?1110????? Huanhepterus_quingyangensis ?02?00????????10011???????????????????????0?000001?0110111110???22201??0??0??????10??04??1?0?1?????0???????01?? Huaxiapterus_jii 01002010??0???1101001----??11????2????0--?01211-------------0???0????????-1001??2001?0511000?000?111101110?0021 Istiodactylus_latidens 102001101101110---001----??120??0210??0--?0000000110010400001?1?0?01?31111?00011?110?031001111?11?1???11??201?? Istiodactylus_sinensis 102001101101110---001----0-120-002100?????000000001001040000?1???10??3?1????00??2???003??01??11??0?111111020?2? Jidapterus_edentus 020000????????0---00??????????????????0???11001-------------??10121??1?0??10???1210??????00??000??1110211??0?21 Kepodactylus_insperatus ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????01121??????????????1?01040-1000????????????0?0??? Liaoningopterus_gui 100?01?12{02}11001100?0???????01??00111??100?0?0?000?0011050110??110?????????????????????????????????????????????? Liaoxipterus_brachyognathus ??2?0?????????????0???????????????????????000?000?100?0400?0??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Lonchodectes_compressirostris ?00?0?????????0---0???????????????????100???000000?01105??{01}??????????????????????????????01???????????????????? Mesadactylus_ornithosphysos ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????01121??????????????{12}?00040-10?????????1?0????012? Noripterus_complicidens ??0??0????????????????????????????????????0?000????01?030000??11000?????????0???3000105110000?000??0101??011021 Nurhachius_ignaciobritoi 10000110?101?00---00???????11????11???????01000?0?10110400101?11010??2?1??0?0???2100?031001??111??011111???0?21 Nyctosaurus_bonneri 1?0?0001?0???00---00?????????0-0??2?00????21001-------------1?1?000??????0??????31???1610000?1?????2211?1?1??3? Nyctosaurus_gracilis 12020001?000000---001----12010-00121000--121001-------------11100001020010000000310101610000?1101?1211111010031 Plataleorhynchus_streptophorodon ?02?00????????????1???????????????????0--???0?000??10101??11??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Pteranodon_longiceps 120210012010000---000111012011200111000--111001-------------111101010210111000103101003100110000101211111010131 Pteranodon_sternbergi 12021?012010000---00?????1201120011?0?????110?1-------------?????????2??????????310??????0???00?????111110?013? Pterodactylus_antiquus 100000000000000---00000100-010-1122?000--?0100000100110200000000101011000-00000021000040-100?000000010101010120 Pterodactylus_kochi 100000000000000---00000100-010-1122?000--?0100000100110200000000101011000-?000?021000040-10000{01}00?0010101010120 Pterodaustro_guinazui 120210000000000---00000200-000-1122?000--?013000010001011001??1110101?000?0000012110004???00?0100???101110?0?20 Quetzalcoatlus_sp. 100?00002210001404001----??01????111??0--?01001-------------1110222101001100100130?101511000100001?2202011?00?? Rhamphorhynchus_muensteri 000000-00000000---0000-000-000-00120000--00110011000110110200000000001000-10000011100020-1000110??0001111010010 Sinopterus_dongi 01002010220???110100010101111120?21?1?????01211-------------??1?000??1?01???0?012101?0511000?1000102101110?0?21 Sinopterus_gui 01002010??0???110100???????11????21???????01211-------------??1?000??1?01??00?0??10??0511000?100??0??0????10??1 Tapejara_imperator 2100201?2200001211001----1111120011?1???????2?1-------------??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Tapejara_navigans 2100201022000012110001010??11??0011?????????2?1-------------??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Tapejara_wellnhoferi 210020102200001201001----11111200110110--101211-------------0?11000??100?-?001??200110511??0?0000?1?10???0?002? Thalassodromeus_sethi 00000010220000130300011101111120011111111?01001-------------??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Tropeognathus_mesembrinus 100001012011001100101----10011000111001011010100000011050110??????????????????????????????????????????????????? Tupuxuara_leonardii 000000102200001303001----1111120011111111101001-------------1111000??100?1?001?1200100511??0?0000???1021?0?0021 Tupuxuara_longicristatus ??0??0?0??0???130?0???????????????????111?????1-------------???????????????????????????????????????2??????????? Zhejiangopterus_linhaiensis 100000002210000---001----0-010-0111?1?????11001-------------11??222?0100??1?10?1300??15??000?{01}00??122020?110021 ; END; BEGIN TREES; TITLE 'Pterodactyloidea Andres and Ji (2008)'; LINK TAXA = Taxa1; TRANSLATE 1 Dimorphodon_macronyx, 2 Campylognathoides_liasicus, 3 Rhamphorhynchus_muensteri, 4 Anurognathus_ammoni, 5 Gnathosaurus_macrurus, 6 Gnathosaurus_subulatus, 7 Plataleorhynchus_streptophorodon, 8 Huanhepterus_quingyangensis, 9 Elanodactylus_prolatus, 10 Kepodactylus_insperatus, 11 Mesadactylus_ornithosphysos, 12 Beipiaopterus_chenianus, 13 Boreopterus_cuiae, 14 Feilongus_youngi, 15 Eosipterus_yangi, 16 Pterodaustro_guinazui, 17 Ctenochasma_elegans, 18 Ctenochasma_porocristata, 19 Gegepterus_changi, 20 Cycnorhamphus_suevicus, 21 Gallodactylus_canjuersensis, 22 '"Pterodactylus" longicollum', 23 Pterodactylus_kochi, 24 Pterodactylus_antiquus, 25 Germanodactylus_cristatus, 26 Germanodactylus_rhamphastinus, 27 Haopterus_gracilis, 28 Anhanguera_piscator, 29 Anhanguera_santanae, 30 Anhanguera_blittersdorffi, 31 Liaoningopterus_gui, 32 Tropeognathus_mesembrinus, 33 Lonchodectes_compressirostris, 34 Liaoxipterus_brachyognathus, 35 Nurhachius_ignaciobritoi, 36 Istiodactylus_latidens, 37 Istiodactylus_sinensis, 38 Pteranodon_longiceps, 39 Pteranodon_sternbergi, 40 Nyctosaurus_gracilis, 41 Nyctosaurus_bonneri, 42 Tupuxuara_longicristatus, 43 Tupuxuara_leonardii, 44 Thalassodromeus_sethi, 45 Tapejara_imperator, 46 Tapejara_navigans, 47 Tapejara_wellnhoferi, 48 Huaxiapterus_jii, 49 Sinopterus_dongi, 50 Sinopterus_gui, 51 Eopteranodon_lii, 52 Noripterus_complicidens, 53 '"Phobetor" parvus', 54 Dsungaripterus_weii, 55 Eoazhdarcho_liaoxiensis, 56 Jidapterus_edentus, 57 Chaoyangopterus_zhangi, 58 Bakonydraco_galaczi, 59 Azhdarcho_lancicollis, 60 Zhejiangopterus_linhaiensis, 61 Quetzalcoatlus_sp.; TREE stored_2 = [&R] (4,(((1,2),3),(((((((((((((5,6),7),8),9),10),11),13),((18,17),(16,(19,15,12)))),(14,(20,21))),22),(24,23)),(25,26)),(27,((((((((29,28),30),31,32),33),((34,36,37),35)),(38,39)),(40,41)),((((42,43,44),((((49,50),51),48),(47,(45,46)))),(52,53,54)),(((55,56),57),(58,(59,60,61))))))))); TREE stored_1 = [&R] (4,(((1,2),3),(((((((((((((5,6),7),8),9),10),11),13),((18,17),(16,15,(19,12)))),(14,(20,21))),22),(24,23)),(25,26)),(27,((((((((29,28),30),31,32),33),((34,36,37),35)),(38,39)),(40,41)),((((42,43,44),((((49,50),51),48),(47,(45,46)))),(52,53,54)),(((55,56),57),(58,(59,60,61))))))))); END;