#NEXUS [!This data set was downloaded from TreeBASE, a relational database of phylogenetic knowledge. TreeBASE has been supported by the NSF, Harvard University, Yale University, SDSC and UC Davis. Please do not remove this acknowledgment from the Nexus file. Generated on May 26, 2020; 20:46 GMT TreeBASE (cc) 1994-2008 Study reference: Gauthier J., Kluge A., & Rowe T. 1988. Amniote phylogeny and the importance of fossils. Cladistics, 4: 105-209. TreeBASE Study URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S349] BEGIN TAXA; TITLE Taxa1; DIMENSIONS NTAX=31; TAXLABELS Araeoscelidia Aves Biarmosuchia Captorhinidae Casea Choristodera Crocodylia Diademodon Dicynodontia Dinocephalia Edaphosaurus Erythrosuchidae Exaeretodon Gorgonopsia Lepidosauromorpha Mammalia Morganucodontidae Ophiacodon Ornithosuchia Procynosuchus Proterochampsidae Proterosuchidae Protorosauria Pseudosuchia Rhynchosauria Sphenacodontinae Testudines Therocephalia Thrinaxodon Trilophosaurus Tritylodontidae ; END; BEGIN CHARACTERS; [! TreeBASE Matrix URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/matrix/TB2:M1824] TITLE Table_2; LINK TAXA = Taxa1; DIMENSIONS NCHAR=316; FORMAT DATATYPE=Standard SYMBOLS= "0 1 2 3" MISSING=? GAP= -; CHARSTATELABELS 1 G2, 2 G3, 3 G3a, 4 G4, 5 G4a, 6 G5a, 7 G5b, 8 G5c, 9 G6, 10 G7, 11 G8, 12 G8a, 13 G9, 14 G10, 15 G11, 16 G11a, 17 G11b, 18 G12, 19 G12a, 20 G13, 21 G14, 22 G15, 23 G18, 24 G19, 25 G19a, 26 G20, 27 G20a, 28 G21, 29 G22a, 30 G23, 31 G24a, 32 G25, 33 G26, 34 G27, 35 G27a, 36 G27b, 37 G30, 38 G32, 39 G34, 40 G34a, 41 G34b, 42 G34c, 43 G34d, 44 G35a, 45 G36a, 46 G37, 47 L1a, 48 L4, 49 L6a, 50 L7, 51 L8, 52 L9, 53 L10, 54 L13, 55 L15, 56 L15a, 57 L15b, 58 L16a, 59 L17, 60 L18, 61 L19, 62 A_6, 63 A_7, 64 A_8, 65 A_9, 66 A_10, 67 A_11, 68 A_12, 69 A_13, 70 A_14, 71 A_15, 72 A_16, 73 A_17, 74 A_18, 75 A_19, 76 A_20, 77 A_21, 78 A_22, 79 A_23, 80 A_24, 81 A_25, 82 A_26, 83 A_27, 84 A_28, 85 A_29, 86 A_30, 87 A_31, 88 A_32, 89 A_33, 90 A_34, 91 A_35, 92 A_36, 93 A_37, 94 A_38, 95 A_39, 96 A_40, 97 A_41, 98 A_42, 99 A_43, 100 A_44, 101 A_45, 102 A_46, 103 A_47, 104 A_48, 105 A_49, 106 A_50, 107 A_51, 108 A_52, 109 A_53, 110 1._Premaxilla / Small large_forming_most_of_tip_of_s, 111 2._Premaxilla / Without with_prominent_postnarial_proc, 112 3._Septomaxilla / Small_and_confined_to_naris large_and_with_facial_process, 113 4._Nasal / Shorter longer_than_frontal, 114 5._Prefrontal / Present absent, 115 6._Prefrontal_postfrontal / In_contact not_so_that_frontal_participat, 116 7._Prefrontal_postorbital / Separated in_contact, 117 8._Frontal_margins / Subparallel with_lappets_entering_orbital, 118 9._Postfrontal / Present absent, 119 10._Postfrontal / Large small, 120 11._Postorbital / Lies_lateral_to_parietal overlies_parietal_so_that_temp, 121 12._Postorbital / Present absent, 122 13._Postorbital___squamosal / In_contact separated, 123 14._Postorbital / Temporal_process_extends_about to_posterior_end_of_skull, 124 15._Postorbital_skull_relative / Subequal preorbital_longer postorbital_longer, 125 16._Parietalforamen / Present absent, 126 17._Parietalforamen / Large small, 127 18._Parietal_boss / Absent present, 128 19._Sagittal_crest / Absent present, 129 20._Temporal_muscles_on_parieta / Originate_ventrolaterally dorsolaterally, 130 21._Lamboidal_crest / Absent present, 131 22._Postparietal / Paired fused, 132 23._Supratemporal / Present absent, 133 24._Supratemporal / Large_and_in_contact_with_posto small_and_separated_from_posto, 134 25._Tabular / Present absent, 135 26._Tabular_opisthotic / Contact_present absent, 136 27._Maxilla_prefrontal / Separated_by_lacrimal in_contact, 137 28._Maxilla / Excluded_from broadly_enters_into_subtempora, 138 29._Maxilla_palatal_shelves / Small_and_broadly_separated prominent_and_appressed_on_mid, 139 30._Maxilla_ventral_margin / Horizontal bowed_ventrally, 140 31._Antorbital_fenestra / Absent present, 141 32._Antorbitalfossa / Absent present, 142 33._Lacrimal / Separates_maxilla_and_nasal_and maxilla_contacts_nasal_and_exc, 143 34._Jugal / Extends_posteriorly_to_middle_o extends_nearly_to_posterior_en, 144 35._Upper_temporalfenestra / Absent large small, 145 36._Upper_temporalfenestra / Absent dorsolaterally dorsally_oriented, 146 37._Lower_temporalfenestra / Absent present, 147 38._Lower_temporalfenestra / Absent opens_laterally dorsally, 148 39._Ventral_margin_of_skull_pos / Convex horizontal, 149 40._Ventral_margin_of_skull_pos / Convex concave, 150 '41. Post-temporal fenestra' / Small large 'medium -sized in adults.', 151 42._Basipterygoid_articulation / Present absent, 152 43._Vomer / Paired fused_partly_or_entirely, 153 44._Palatine_palatal_processes / Separated_posteriorly appressed_on_midline_throughou, 154 45._Palatine / Flat_dorsally with_ascending_process_contact, 155 46._Palatine / Undiflferentiated with_separate_palatal_and_choa, 156 47._Pyriform_recess / Extends_anteriorly_to_posterior nearly_to_anterior_ends_of_pal, 157 48._Squamosal / Extends_to broadly_separated_from_ventral, 158 49._Squamosal_external_acoustic / Absent shallow deeply_folded, 159 50._Squamosal_quadratojugal_pos / Vertical bowed, 160 51._Quadratojugal / Borders_lower_cheek_region confined_ro_rear_corner_of_tem, 161 52._Quadratojugal_processes / Long_anterior_and_short_dorsal short_anterior_and_long_dorsal, 162 53._Quadratojugal / Overlaps fits_into_notch_in_posterovent, 163 54._Pterygoid_parasphenoid_behi / Broadly_separated appressed_and_clasping, 164 55._Epipterygoid / Present absent_as_discrete_element_in, 165 56._Tabular / Large small, 166 57._Suborbitalfenestra / Absent small large, 167 58._kctopterygoid_palatine / In_contact_or_nearly_so_mediall broadly_separated, 168 59._Quadrate_quadratojugal / Exposed_posteriorly largely_covered_by_squamosal, 169 '60. Quadrate squamosal peg-in-.' / Absent present, 170 61._Quadrate / Abuts_against_flat notched_ventral_surface_of_squ, 171 62._Quadrate / Covered_by_squamosal exposed_laterally, 172 63._Quadrate_pterygoid_contact / Present absent, 173 64._Quadrate_stapedial_process / Absent present, 174 65._Epipterygoid_dorsal_process / Narrow broad, 175 66._Epipterygoid / Does_not_reach_main_body_of_par broadly_overlaps_parietal_dors, 176 67._Epipterygoid_frontal_contac / Absent present, 177 68._Stapes / Stout ' rod-like.', 178 69._Stapes_dorsal_process / With without_osseous_connection_to, 179 70._Craniomandibular_joint / Even_with_occiput posterior anterior_to_occiput, 180 71._I.aterosphenoid_ossipcation / Absent present, 181 72._Cochlear_promontorium / Absent present, 182 '73. Prootic flange -- quadrate' / Absent present, 183 74._Supraoccipital / Broad_and_without_anterior_cris narrow_and_with_anterior_crist, 184 75._Supraoccipital / Lateral_margins_vertical expanded_laterally_to_roof_pos, 185 76._Opisthotic / Paroccipital_process_undivided bifurcate, 186 77._Opisthotic / Paroccipital_process_tapering expanded_distally, 187 78._Opisthotic / Paroccipital_process_extending posteriorly, 188 79._Opisthoiic / Paroccipital_process_extending ventrolaterally, 189 80._Exoccipital / Separate fused_with_opisthotic_in_adult, 190 81._Occipital_condyle / Formed_from_basioccipital_and_e primarily_by_exoccipitals, 191 82._Occipital_condyle / Exoccipitals_in_contact_on_cond not_in_contact, 192 83._Occipital_condyle / Basioccipital_forms_part most none_of_condyle, 193 84._Anterior_lamina_of_petrosal / Absent present, 194 85._Occipital_plate_outline / Straight emarginated_parasagittally, 195 86._Mandible / Transects_lateral middle_portion_of_adductor_fos, 196 87._Mandibularfenestra / Absent present, 197 88._Masseteric_fossa / Absent present present, 198 89._Dentary_angular_process / Absent present, 199 90._Dentary / Broadly_separated_from closely_approaching_or_contact, 200 91._Dentary_squamosal / Not_in_contact articulating, 201 92._Dentary_coronoid_surangular / Subhorizontal strongly_arched_dorsally, 202 93._Anteromost_portions_of_ante / Partly entirely_lie_within_Meckelian, 203 94._Meckelian_sulcus / Broadly_open narrow_posteriorly, 204 95._Dentary_coronoid_process / Absent present, 205 96._Dentary_coronoid_process / Rear_margin_vertical emarginate, 206 97._Dentary_coronoid_process / Projects_to above_level_of_zygoma, 207 98._Angular / Ventral_margin_rounded keeled, 208 99._Angular / Short tall_dorsoventrally, 209 100._Coronoid / Anterior_coronoid_present absent, 210 101._Angular / Not_incised moderately deeply_incised, 211 102._Angular_reflected_lamina / Absent present, 212 103._Angular / 'Not ring-like' ' ring-like.', 213 104._Retroarticular_process / Medially ' posteriorly (I) directed.', 214 105._Retroarticular_process / Horizontal downcurved, 215 106._Maxillary_and_dentary_teet / In_shallow deep_sockets, 216 107._Tooth_attachment / By_attachment_bone periodontal_ligament, 217 108._Serrated_teeth / Absent present, 218 109._Upper_lower_tooth_rows / End_at_same_level_posteriorly dentary_row_terminates_anterio, 219 110._Premaxillary_teeth / Implanted_in_shallow deep_sockets, 220 111._Caniniform_maxillary_tooth / Present absent, 221 112._Canine_root / Not_swollen expanded_into_and_constructing, 222 113._Maxillary_precanines / More fewer_than_4, 223 114._Length_of_canine_teeth_rel / More_than_twice_as_long at_least_three_times_as_long, 224 115._Postcanines / Unicuspid multicuspid, 225 116._Upper_postcanines / 13_or_more 12_or_fewer, 226 117._Cheek_teeth_orientation / Anteroposterior transverse, 227 118._Cheek_teeth_roots / Single at_least_two, 228 119._Dentary_teeth / Subequal_in_size_anteriorly with_an_enlarged_tooth_within, 229 120._Vomerine_teeth / Present absent, 230 121._Palatine_teeth / Present absent, 231 122._Ectopterygoid_teeth / Present absent, 232 123._Teeth_on_transverse_proces / Present absent, 233 124._Vertebrae / Notochordal ' non-notochordal in adult.', 234 125._Vertebral_anapophyses / Absent present, 235 126._Apex_of_neutral_spine / Narrow expanded_in_dorsal_view, 236 127._Intercentra / Present absent_from_anterior_dorsals, 237 128._Intercentra / Present absent_from_all_postcervical_t, 238 129._Intercentra / Present absent_from_postaxial_cervical, 239 130._Intercentra_I_and_2 / In_contact_ventrally separated_by_atlas_centrum_in, 240 131._Second_intercentrum / Unfused fused_to_axis_in_adult, 241 132._Second_intercentrum / Narrowly broadly_participating_in_atlan, 242 133._Odontoid / Separate_from_axis_throughout_o fused_in_adult, 243 134._Anterior_surface_of_atlant / Flat ' with discrete finger-like proj', 244 135._Atlas_arch_intercentrum / In_contact separated, 245 136._Atlantal_epipophysis / Present absent, 246 '137. Atlanto-axial zygapophyses' / Prominent_and_small small_and_large_respectively, 247 138._Axis_centrum / Tall depressed, 248 139._Cervical_centra / Rounded keeled_ventrally, 249 140._Lumbar_vertebrae_faces / Perpendicular_to_notochordal_ax inclined, 250 141._Sacral_vertebrae / Two_or_less at_least_three, 251 142._Sacral_ribs / Point_ventrally laterally, 252 143._Cervical_ribs / Without_anterior_process_and_ex ' plowshare-shaped with rib shaf', 253 144._Parasagittal_osteoderm_row / Absent present, 254 145._Scapula / Flat concave, 255 146._Scapula / Broad narrow_above_glenoid, 256 147._Supraglenoid_buttress / Present absent, 257 '148. Coracoid ossification(s)' / One two, 258 149._Postcoracoid_cartilage / Present absent, 259 150._Precoracoid_and_postcoraco / Present postcoracoid_only, 260 151._Cleithrum / Present absent, 261 152._Cleithrum_clavicle / In_contact not, 262 153._Clavicles / Broad narrow_medially, 263 154._Interclavicle / Rhomboidal ' T-shaped anteriorly.', 264 155._Interclavicle_lateral_proc / Long short, 265 156._Intercavicle_posterior_pro / Long short, 266 157._Ossified_sternum / Absent present, 267 158._Sternebrae / Absent present, 268 159._Limbs / Short_and_stout long_and_slender, 269 160._Humerus / With_prominent reduced_epicondyles, 270 161._Humeral_head / Convex_articular_surface_extend articular_surface_bulbous_and, 271 162._Ectepicondylar_groove / Present absent, 272 163._Ectepicondylar_groove / Open enclosed, 273 164._Entepicondylar_foramen / Present absent, 274 165._Radius_width_relative_to_u / Radius_equal_to_or_narrower broader_than_ulna_distally, 275 166._Manual_intermedium_size_re / Larger smaller, 276 167._Longest_digit_in_hand_andf / IV III, 277 168._Inner_two_digits_of_hands / Less more_robust_than_outer_two, 278 169._Iliumdorsal_groove / Present absent, 279 170._Ilium_posterior_process / Short extends_to_posterior_limit_of, 280 171._Ilium / Narrow_and_posterodorsally_orie expanded_anteriorly_and_dorsal, 281 172._Ilium / Less_than more_than_twice_height_of_acet, 282 173._Ilium / Convex incised_dorsal_border, 283 174._Ilium / 'Cross-section narrow' triangular, 284 175._Acetabulum / Ilium_ischium_and_pubis_contrib ' ilium comprises 80%-85% of ace', 285 176._Cotyloid_notch / Open closed_so_that_a_bony_ridge_co, 286 177._Acetabulum / Oval circular_in_outline, 287 178._Acetabulum / Shallow deep, 288 179._Supracetabular_buttress / Absent present, 289 180._Acetabulum / Lateral posterior_to_sacrum, 290 181._Pubis_ischium / Diverge_from_one_another_below both_rotated_backwards_to_lie, 291 182._Obturatorforamen / In_pubis between_pubis_and_ischium, 292 183._Epipubic_bones / Absent present, 293 184._Intertrochantericfossa / Prominent reduced absent, 294 185._Internal_trochanter / On_ventral lateral_surface_of_femur, 295 186._Femoral_head / Terminal inflected_medially, 296 187._Femoral_condyles / Prominent not_projecting_markedly_beyond, 297 188._Femoral_head / Elongate subspherical oblong_and_spherical protuberant_and_with_constrict, 298 189._Anterior_femoral_condyle_r / Larger_and_extends_further_dist smaller_and_of_subequal_extent, 299 190._Femur_ventral_ridge_system / Prominent feeble, 300 191._Femoral_shaft / Weak prominent_sigmoidal_curve, 301 192._Greater_trochanter / Confluent_with_femoral_head separated_from_articular_surfa, 302 193._Raisedfourth_trochanter / Absent present, 303 194._Tibia / Articulates_on_distal ' dorsal (anterior) surface of a', 304 '195. Tibio-astragalarjoint' / Flat_simple_joint ' ridge (tibia) and groove (astr', 305 '196. Tibio-astragalar joint' / Flat_simple_joint ' convex (tibia) and concave (as', 306 197._Astragalar_sulcus / Open closed_posteriorly, 307 198._Calcaneal_tuber / Absent present_and_laterally posteriorly_directed, 308 199._Lateral_centrale / Separate_from fused_to_astragalus_in_adult, 309 200._Pedal_centrale / Present absent, 310 201._Proximal_tarsals_and_carpa / Large small, 311 202._Foot / Short_and_broad long_and_slender, 312 203._Distal_tarsal_1 / Present absent, 313 204._Fifth_metatarsal / Long_and_slender ' short and broad-based.', 314 205._Fifth_metatarsal / Straight hooked_proximally, 315 206._Fifth_distal_tarsal / Present absent, 316 207._Pedal_phalangealformula / '2-3-4-5-4' ' 2-3-4-(4 or 3)-3.', ; MATRIX [ 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 ] [ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] Araeoscelidia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????000001000000001000000001010000000011111?10000000000000012000000000000000010000000110000000000000000100000000000000000000010001000010000000100000000100000000001000000000000000000000000000000000001?00010100000 Aves 1111111112211121111211?1011111111111111121111311121111222111111111111021111111?11111111010010100101101111111111?1010001000011?001011?1?0000111122111?200000110101000?20000100000111100100110101100010000000000001000101111110??0?00100111010000110000001001110110101?1110001101?100111110001110000002?110111010?1?2111111110 Biarmosuchia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110101000001100100010000100100100011?101000000101?0000000000000000100000100010000000000001000??11111011001010111010011010100100100000000101100011100010000100000000100101000001110000201111100010?00010000011 Captorhinidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????0000010000000000000000011?0000000000001?100000000000001?10000000000000000100000000000000000000000001000000000000000000000?0000000010000000000000000100100000?00000000000000000000000000000000000000000010000000 Casea ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????000101000000??000000010000000000000011000000000000000000000000000000010000100000000000000000000??10000010000000000000000000000000100000000001000000100000000000000100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 Choristodera ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1101010000000011?0010?1?1?0000001?11121??0000011010?010?21000100000111000100010001100000000000000001000100000010??0?00000101001100110000001001100010101?110000100001001011100011100000010000110000?1011?110111? Crocodylia 0110000101111011001?001101011111111111112111031012111122211111111101012111111111101111111111001101011101110111101010001000011?001011?1?0000111122111?200000110101000?20000100000111100100110101100010000000000001000101111110??0?00100111011110110000001001110110101?1110001101?100111110001110000002?110111010?1?2111111110 Diademodon ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110?101?1010201011111?00001100110012?101110100201?1100001110101110100010?00010112111?1110?1011111121111110010?111110111111101101101011101011001111001?1000100010101110101100001110010201121100010?00010000011 Dicynodontia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110100011001200100111?00100100100012?101000100101?0000001100000100100000100010000000100001001?011111011001010111010011111100110110101110101100011100011000100010101110101100001110010201121100010?00010000011 Dinocephalia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110101001001100100110100100100100012?101000000101?0000000100000000100000100010000000000001000??11111011001010111010011010100110100000000101100011100010000100000100110101000001110000201111100010?00000000001 Edaphosaurus ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????000001010000??000000010000000100000011?100000000001?0000000000000000010000100000000000000001000??110000000000010????0000000000000??000???0001000000100000000000000100000101000000000000000000000000000000000000 Erythrosuchidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????11010100010000101001011?1?0000101122111?200000110101000?20000100??01?11?01001100011?0010000000000001000101111110??0?00101111001100??000??0100110011010???100?01001?1000011100011100000010000110010?1??1?1?111?? Exaeretodon ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110?101?101021?011111?00011000110012?101110100201?1110?01110101110100010?00010112111?1110?1011111121111110010?111110111?11001111101011101011001111011?100110001010111010?110001111110201121100010?000100?0011 Gorgonopsia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110101001001100100111?00100100100012?101100000101?000000110000010010000010001000000000000?0010011111011001010111010011010100110100000110101100011100010000100000100110101000001110000201111100010?00010000011 Lepidosauromorpha 0000000100100021000000001001001000000002210121000100001111000100101001101011001210001000001000010100011000010000001000000001000010001010000001011111?100000000000000120000100000010000100000001100000000000000001000100000010??0?0000010000000011000000100100001010001100001000100000111000111000000100001100001?00011101000 Mammalia 110111101220112011021110111101100100110?110022010301112220011010000110000000100201000?1111011111011010001011001?11??01??1??21?011111?1??11000110012?1011111002????11?0??????1????1201?0?100?0112111?1111???111111211??110010?111101011??1101111101101111111001111011?1101110010001?1010?011001111111211131101010?12010000011 Morganucodontidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????01?11??01??1??21?0111?1?1??110001?0012?101111100201?111??01?10111110100110?10000112111?1111?1111111121111110010?111101111?11101111101111111111001111011?1???11001000111010?01100111111?211131101010?120?00?0011 Ophiacodon ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00010100000001100000010000000100000011?10000000000000000000000000000010000?00000000000000000000??1100000000000000000000???0000000?10000000000000000100000000??0000000000001000000000000000000000000000000000000 Ornithosuchia 1111111112211121111211?1011111111111111121111311121111222111111111111021111111?11111111010010100101101111111111?1010001000011?001011?1?0000111122111?200000110101000?20000100000111100100110101100010000000000001000101111110??0?00100111010000110000001001110110101?1110001101?100111110001110000002?110111010?1?2111111110 Procynosuchus ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110?101?1010201011111?00000100100012?101100100101?1000001110001110100010?0001011210111000?00100111210110000101111100111111001101101011101011001111001?1000100010101110101100001110010201121100010?00010000011 Proterochampsidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????11010?001?000011?001011?1?0000101122111?200000110101000?21000100??01?1??0100110001100010000000000001000101111110??0?00100111001110110000001001100110101??????01101?100111110001110000002?110111010?1??1?111111? Proterosuchidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1101010001000010100101011?0000101122111??00000110101000?200001000001?1100100010001100000000000000001000100011110??0?00000101000000?10000001001100010101?110000100001000011100011100000010000110010?101011101110 Protorosauria ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????110101000000001010010?011?0000001111111?100000110101000?20000100000111000100010001100000000000000001000100001010??0?00000101000000110000001001100010101?110000100001000011100011100000010000110000?101011101110 Pseudosuchia 0110000101111011001?001101011111111111112111031012111122211111111101012111111111101111111111001101011101110111101010001000011?001011?1?0000111122111?200000110101000?20000100000111100100110101100010000000000001000101111110??0?00100111011110110000001001110110101?1110001101?100111110001110000002?110111010?1?2111111110 Rhynchosauria ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????110001000000001010010?011?0001001111111?100000000101000?20000100000111000100010001100000000000000001000100000010??0?00000101000000110000001001000010101?1100?0100001000011100011100000010000110000?101011101110 Sphenacodontinae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00010101000001100000010000000100100011?100000000001?0000000000000000010000100010000000000001000??11001011001010110010011000000000100000000101000000100000000000000000000101000000000000000000000000000000000000 Testudines 0000000100?00011000100?01000000000001111200101000000112221?111000010001010100011000010010010110011000000100000000010010000001?0000?011?0000000000001?100000010100001?1?00000000010000010000000000000000000000000100010??????????????00?0000110010000000100?0?00?0??1??0????0100010000??????00?0000000001111010000?0010000001 Therocephalia ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110100011010201011111?00100100100012?101000100101?100021110000010010001010001000000010000?00100111110110010101110100111101001101101011101011000111001?1000100010101110101100001110000201121100010?00010000011 Thrinaxodon ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????00110?101?1010201011111?00001100110012?101110100101?1100001110001110100010?00010112111?1100?0010111121011000010?111100111111101101101011101011001111001?1000100010101110101100001110010201121100010?00010000011 Trilophosaurus ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????110001?0000???11?0010??????000001111011?10000001010?000?2?00010000011200010001000??00000000000000001000100000010??1?10011111000000110000001001100010101?1100?0100001000011100011100000010000110000?101011101110 Tritylodontidae ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????01111??01??1??21?011111?00?11100110012?101111100201?1110?01?10111110100010?10000112111?1110?1111111121111110011???1101?11?11001111101111111011001111011?100111001000111010?011001111111211131101010?12010000011 ; END; BEGIN TREES; TITLE Tb5134; LINK TAXA = Taxa1; TRANSLATE 1 Therocephalia, 2 Dicynodontia, 3 Gorgonopsia, 4 Dinocephalia, 5 Biarmosuchia, 6 Sphenacodontinae, 7 Edaphosaurus, 8 Ophiacodon, 9 Casea, 10 Aves, 11 Ornithosuchia, 12 Crocodylia, 13 Pseudosuchia, 14 Proterochampsidae, 15 Erythrosuchidae, 16 Proterosuchidae, 17 Protorosauria, 18 Choristodera, 19 Trilophosaurus, 20 Rhynchosauria, 21 Lepidosauromorpha, 22 Araeoscelidia, 23 Captorhinidae, 24 Testudines, 25 Mammalia, 26 Morganucodontidae, 27 Tritylodontidae, 28 Exaeretodon, 29 Diademodon, 30 Thrinaxodon, 31 Procynosuchus; TREE Fig._3 = [&R] ((9,(8,(7,(6,(5,(4,(3,(2,(1,(31,(30,(29,(28,(27,(26,25)25formes)25morpha))))Cynodontia)Eutheriodontia))))Therapsida)Sphenacodontia)))Synapsida,((24,23)Anapsida,(22,(21,(20,(19,(18,(17,(16,(15,(14,(13,11)Archosauria)))Archosauriformes))))Archosauromorpha)Sauria)Diapsida)Reptilia)Amniota; END;