#NEXUS [!This data set was downloaded from TreeBASE, a relational database of phylogenetic knowledge. TreeBASE has been supported by the NSF, Harvard University, Yale University, SDSC and UC Davis. Please do not remove this acknowledgment from the Nexus file. Generated on May 14, 2021; 13:05 GMT TreeBASE (cc) 1994-2008 Study reference: Ericson P.G., Klopfstein S., Irestedt M., Nguyen J.M., & Nylander J.A. 2014. Dating the diversification of the major lineages of Passeriformes (Aves). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 14(8). TreeBASE Study URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S15185] BEGIN TAXA; TITLE Taxa; DIMENSIONS NTAX=55; TAXLABELS Acanthisitta_chloris Aegithalos Alauda_arvensis Batis Bombycilla_garrulus Callaeas Calyptomena_viridis Campylorhamphus_trochilirostris Chaetops_frenatus Cinclus_cinclus Climacteris Conopophaga Coracina Corcorax_melanorhamphos Corvus_corone Dicaeum Dicrurus Formicarius Furnarius Gymnorhina_tibicen Hirundo Lanius Malurus Meliphagidae Menura_novaehollandiae Mimus Mionectes Oriolus Orthonyx Parula Parus Passer_montanus Petroicidae Philepitta_castanea Picathartes_gymnocephalus Pipra Pitta Ploceus Pomatostomus Prunella Psarisomus_dalhousiae Ptilonorhynchus_violaceus Rupicola Sapayoa_aenigma Scytalopus Sitta Smithornis_rufolateralis Sturnus_vulgaris Sylvia Thamnophilus Tityra Troglodytes Tyrannus Vireo Zosterops ; END; BEGIN TREES; TITLE 'Phylogenetic estimate of the evolutionary time-scale of passerines '; LINK TAXA = Taxa; TREE Fig._1_con = [&R] (Acanthisitta_chloris:73.63711118005547,(((Sapayoa_aenigma:46.98105128402666,((Philepitta_castanea:34.41129608225364,Psarisomus_dalhousiae:34.41129608225364):11.06099369564716,(Pitta:42.43264637103634,(Calyptomena_viridis:34.74800007602602,Smithornis_rufolateralis:34.74800007602602):7.684646295010324):3.039643406864457):1.508761506125865):17.20054354035313,(((Pipra:29.75723136135094,Rupicola:29.75723136135094):3.258324683347631,(Tityra:29.94810076703091,(Mionectes:24.73967356399431,Tyrannus:24.73967356399431):5.208427203036599):3.067455277667655):25.74269270320202,((Conopophaga:41.78855577463617,Thamnophilus:41.78855577463617):4.131461452254669,(Scytalopus:41.13634353559062,(Formicarius:39.25788542750718,(Campylorhamphus_trochilirostris:23.83878141630725,Furnarius:23.83878141630725):15.41910401119993):1.878458108083436):4.783673691300216):12.83823152100976):5.423346076479199):7.953869111454438,(Menura_novaehollandiae:59.77644824793686,((Climacteris:46.63965190112918,Ptilonorhynchus_violaceus:46.63965190112918):10.39907733428359,((Malurus:42.78459303457729,Meliphagidae:42.78459303457729):10.31740643338409,((Orthonyx:45.91095475315178,Pomatostomus:45.91095475315178):4.081847049761187,((Coracina:37.36026622998847,((Batis:23.97166922290959,Gymnorhina_tibicen:23.97166922290959):10.9806508781775,((Oriolus:28.57810891296012,Vireo:28.57810891296012):4.488458736761121,(Dicrurus:26.02202651161701,(Corcorax_melanorhamphos:23.08789366252184,(Corvus_corone:19.8285125940831,Lanius:19.8285125940831):3.259381068438739):2.934132849095178):7.044541138104226):1.885752451365853):2.407946128901372):11.03747218508211,(Callaeas:47.09517573196213,Petroicidae:47.09517573196213,(Chaetops_frenatus:32.17813310657156,Picathartes_gymnocephalus:32.17813310657156):14.91704262539056,(Bombycilla_garrulus:43.71237670102892,(Sitta:37.12491134487748,Troglodytes:37.12491134487748):6.587465356151434,(Parus:41.41073573040846,(Alauda_arvensis:37.81198131417467,(Hirundo:35.31393604548103,(Aegithalos:32.19487819307271,(Sylvia:26.99344676138116,Zosterops:26.99344676138116):5.201431431691542):3.119057852408318):2.498045268693637):3.598754416233795):2.301640970620454,((Cinclus_cinclus:32.44016527641395,(Mimus:23.10490665665097,Sturnus_vulgaris:23.10490665665097):9.335258619762978):8.463883670653523,(Dicaeum:36.54860835213617,(Prunella:30.20072500398972,(Ploceus:27.55361018936233,(Parula:24.57293895389973,Passer_montanus:24.57293895389973):2.980671235462605):2.647114814627386):6.347883348146446):4.355440594931302):2.808327753961443):3.382799030933214):1.302562683108448):1.595063387842394):3.109197665048413):3.936729767451389):2.737719012524089):12.35901568789737):1.501647244221246); [! TreeBASE tree URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/tree/TB2:Tr70438] END;