CiteULike CiteULike
Delicious Delicious
Connotea Connotea

Citation for Study 1391

About Citation title: "Evolutionary relationships among the "spiny solanums" (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum)".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S1322 (Status: Published).


Levin R., Myers N., & Bohs L. 2006. Evolutionary relationships among the "spiny solanums" (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum). American Journal of Botany, 93: 157-169.


  • Levin R.
  • Myers N.
  • Bohs L.


Species of Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum comprise almost one third of the genus and are distributed worldwide. Members of this group are defined by their sharp epidermal prickles, thus being commonly referred to as the spiny solanums. This subgenus includes a number of economically important species such as the Old World eggplants, as well as locally cultivated New World species such as the naranjilla and cocona. Given the size and importance of this group we have examined phylogenetic relationships across subgenus Leptostemonum, including a large sampling of species from previously defined species groups within the subgenus. Evolutionary relationships were inferred using DNA sequence data from two nuclear regions [ITS and the granule-bound starch synthase gene (GBSSI or waxy)] and one chloroplast spacer region (trnS-trnG). Results suggest that Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum is monophyletic when the S. wendlandii and S. nemorense species groups are excluded. We have defined 10 well supported clades within subgenus Leptostemonum, some of which correspond to previously circumscribed species groups or sections. Most of the Old World species of subgenus Leptostemonum belong to a single species-rich clade. Spines and/or stellate hairs evolved more than once in Solanum, and floral heterandry originated multiple times within the spiny solanums.

About this resource

  • Canonical resource URI:
  • Other versions: Download Reconstructed NEXUS File Nexus Download NeXML File NeXML
  • Show BibTeX reference
  • Show RIS reference