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Citation for Study 17148

About Citation title: "Comparison of nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species".
About Study name: "Comparison of nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species".
About This study is part of submission 17148 (Status: Published).

Citation

Govindarajulu R., Parks M., Tennessen J.A., Liston A., & Ashman T. 2015. Comparison of nuclear, plastid and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species. American Journal of Botany, .

Authors

  • Govindarajulu R.
  • Parks M.
  • Tennessen J.A.
  • Liston A.
  • Ashman T.

Abstract

Premise of the study: Molecular phylogenies derived from all three plant genomes can provide insight into evolutionary history of plant groups influenced by reticulation. We sought to reconstruct mitochondrial exome, chloroplast, and nuclear genome phylogenies for octoploid Fragaria and their diploid ancestors and document patterns of incongruence between and within the cytoplasmic genomes and interpret these in the context of evolutionary origin of the octoploid strawberries. Methods: Using a genome skimming approach, we assembled chloroplast genomes and mitochondrial exomes, and we used the POLiMAPS method to assemble nuclear sequence for octoploid species and constructed phylogenies from all three genomes. We assessed incongruence between and within cytoplasmic genomes using topology based phylogenetic incongruence tests. Key Results: The incongruent cytoplasmic genome phylogeny with respect to the placement of octoploids suggests potential breakage in linkage disequilibrium of cytoplasmic genomes during allopolyploid origin of the octoploids. Furthermore, a single mitochondrial chimeric gene with a putative role in cytoplasmic male sterility yields a phylogeny that is inconsistent with the rest of the mitochondrial genome but consistent with the chloroplast phylogeny, suggesting intracellular gene transfer between heteroplasmic mitochondria, possibly driven by selection to overcome the effects of mito-nuclear incompatibility in octoploid origins. Conclusions: This work expands on the current understanding of evolutionary history of the octoploid ancestors of cultivated strawberry. It demonstrates phylogenetic incongruence between cytoplasmic genomes in octoploids with respect to diploid ancestors indicating breakage in linkage disequilibrium of cytoplasmic genomes. We discuss potential organism-level processes that may have contributed to the observed incongruence in Fragaria.

Keywords

Chloroplast; Chromosomal phylogeny; Cytoplasmic male sterility, Fragaria; Genome assembly; Incongruence; Linkage disequilibrium; Mitochondria.

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About this resource

  • Canonical resource URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S17148
  • Other versions: Download Reconstructed NEXUS File Nexus Download NeXML File NeXML
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