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Citation for Study 859

About Citation title: "Patterns of diversification in New Zealand Stylidiaceae.".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S722 (Status: Published).


Wagstaff S., & Wege J. 2002. Patterns of diversification in New Zealand Stylidiaceae. American Journal of Botany, 89(5): 865-874.


  • Wagstaff S.
  • Wege J.


Phylogenetic analysis of ITS and rbcL sequences show that New Zealand Stylidiaceae fall into two distinct lineages differing in species richness. Each lineage represents a unique dispersal event to New Zealand occurring at different times during the evolutionary history of the family. One lineage comprises seven species of Forstera and Phyllachne, while the other consists solely of Oreostylidium subulatum. The origin of the Forstera/Phyllachne lineage in New Zealand is equivocal; either a South American or a Tasmanian origin is equally parsimonious. Possible sister groups are F. bellidifolia in Tasmania and P. uliginosa in South America. Oreostylidium subulatum has an Australian origin. In our analyses O. subulatum is nested in a clade composed entirely of species of Stylidium, almost all of which are endemic to Australia. Species of Phyllachne share a cushion habit with the outgroup Donatia (Donatiaceae) that may have preadapted them to alpine environments in New Zealand. The New Zealand Stylidiaceae have small, white, actinomorphic flowers that are well adapted to the unspecialized pollinator fauna. Forstera and Phyllachne share this trait with Donatia; however, the small, white flowers of Oreostylidium are a dramatic departure from the colorful, highly specialized flowers of Stylidium.


diversification; DNA; ITS; New Zealand; phylogeny; rbcL; Stylidiaceae

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