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Citation for Study 1560

About Citation title: "Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriaceae".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S1505 (Status: Published).


Crous P.W., Slippers B., Wingfield M.J., Rheeder J., Marasas W., Phillips A., Alves A., Burgess T., Barber P., & Groenewald J.Z. 2006. Phylogenetic lineages in the Botryosphaeriaceae. Studies in Mycology, null.


  • Crous P.W.
  • Slippers B.
  • Wingfield M.J.
  • Rheeder J.
  • Marasas W.
  • Phillips A.
  • Alves A.
  • Burgess T.
  • Barber P.
  • Groenewald J.Z. Phone +31302122600


Botryosphaeria is a species-rich genus with a cosmopolitan distribution, commonly associated with dieback and cankers of woody plants. As many as 18 anamorph genera have been associated with Botryosphaeria, most of which have been reduced to synonymy under Diplodia (conidia mostly ovoid, pigmented, thick-walled), or Fusicoccum (conidia mostly fusoid, hyaline, thin-walled). However, there are numerous conidial anamorphs having morphological characteristics intermediate between Diplodia and Fusicoccum, and there are several records of species outside the Botryosphaeriaceae that have anamorphs typical of Botryosphaeria s.str. Recent studies have also linked Botryosphaeria to species with pigmented, septate ascospores, and Dothiorella anamorphs, or Fusicoccum anamorphs with Dichomera synanamorphs. The aim of this study was to employ DNA sequence data of the 28S rDNA to resolve apparent lineages within the Botryosphaeriaceae. From these data, 12 clades were recognised. Two of these lineages clustered outside the Botryosphaeriaceae, namely Diplodia-like anamorphs occurring on maize, which are best accommodated in Stenocarpella (Diaporthales), as well as an unresolved clade including species of Camarosporium/Microdiplodia. We recognise 10 lineages within the Botryosphaeriaceae. These include an unresolved clade (Diplodia/Lasiodiplodia/Tiarosporella), Botryosphaeria s.str. (Fusicoccum anamorph), Macrophomina, Neoscytalidium gen. nov., Dothidotthia (Dothiorella anamorph), Neofusicoccum gen. nov. (Botryosphaeria-like teleomorph, Dichomera-like synanamorph), Pseudofusicoccum gen. nov., Saccharata (Fusicoccum- and Diplodia-like synanamorphs), Botryosphaeria quercuum (Diplodia-like anamorph), and Guignardia (Phyllosticta). Separate teleomorph and anamorph names are not provided for newly introduced genera, even where both morphs are known. The taxonomy of some clades and isolates (e.g. B. mamane) remains unresolved due to the absence of ex-type cultures.

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