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Citation for Study 25414

About Citation title: "The evolution of lifestyles in Capnodiales".
About Study name: "The evolution of lifestyles in Capnodiales".
About This study is part of submission 25414 (Status: Published).


Abdollahzadeh J., Groenewald J.Z., Coetzee M.P., & Crous P.W. 2020. The evolution of lifestyles in Capnodiales. Studies in Mycology, .


  • Abdollahzadeh J. Phone +989143003324
  • Groenewald J.Z. Phone +31302122600
  • Coetzee M.P. Phone 27124204826
  • Crous P.W.


The Capnodiales is the second largest order in Dothideomycetes, encompassing morphologically and ecologically diverse fungi with different lifestyles and nutritional modes from saprobes to plant and human pathogens, mycoparasites, rock-inhabiting fungi (RIF), lichenised, epi-, ecto- and endophytes. The main aim of this study was to elucidate the lifestyle evolutionary patterns, and to readdress the phylogenetic backbone of Capnodiales by including numerous new collections of sooty moulds, and using four nuclear loci, LSU, ITS, TEF-1α and RPB2. Based on these results Capnodiales is shown to be polyphyletic, representing seven different orders. The sooty moulds are restricted to Capnodiales s. str., while Mycosphaerellales is resurrected, and five new orders including Cladosporiales, Comminutisporales, Neophaeothecales, Phaeothecales and Racodiales are introduced. Four families, three genera, 21 species and five combinations are introduced as new. Furthermore, ancestral reconstruction analysis revealed that saprophytic lifestyle is a primitive state within Capnodiales s. lat., and several transitions have occurred to evolve lichenised, plant and human parasitic, ectophytic (Sooty blotch and flyspeck) and more recently epiphytic (sooty mould) lifestyles.


Capnodiales, Cladosporium, Mycosphaerella, Sooty moulds

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