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Citation for Study 1966

About Citation title: "Assignment of species rank to six reproductively isolated cryptic species of the Phialocephala fortinii s.l. - Acephala applanata species complex".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S1948 (Status: Published).

Citation

Grünig C., Duň A., Sieber T., & Holdenrieder O. 2008. Assignment of species rank to six reproductively isolated cryptic species of the Phialocephala fortinii s.l. - Acephala applanata species complex. Mycologia, null.

Authors

  • Grünig C.
  • Duň A.
  • Sieber T.
  • Holdenrieder O.

Abstract

Phialocephala fortinii s.l. and Acephala applanata are the dominant dark septate endophytes (DSE) in roots of many trees and shrubs. Population genetic analysis led to the discovery of morphologically indistinguishable but reproductively isolated cryptic species (CSP) within Phialocephala fortinii s.l. In the present study we show, that sequence data of two coding (beta-tubulin and translation elongation factor (EF-1alpha)) and three non-coding DNA loci confirm subdivision of P. fortinii s.l. and allow to differentiate seven CSP of P. fortinii. In addition, we show that strains collected throughout Europe can be classified correctly based on these sequence markers. Statistically significant differences in growth response on different media were observed among CSP of P. fortinii and A. applanata. Growth inhibition on MEA amended with 100 mgl-1 cycloheximide had the strongest differential effect of all physiological traits examined. In contrast, exoenzyme production (laccase, proteinase, pectinase, phenol-oxidase, amylase, cytochrome oxidase, and tyrosinase) rarely helped to differentiate CSP of P. fortinii. However, A. applanata was a strong producer of amylases, laccases, and proteinases. Based on these data we propose to assign species rank to six CSP of P. fortinii: P. turiciensis, P. letzii, P. europaea, P. helvetica, P. uotolensis, P. subalpina spp. nov. and P. fortinii s.s.

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  • Canonical resource URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S1966
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