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Citation for Study 407

About Citation title: "Ribosomal DNA and Phylogeny of the Ascaridoidea (Nemata: Secernentea): Implications for Morphological Evolution and Classification.".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S357 (Status: Published).


Nadler S., & Hudspeth D. 1998. Ribosomal DNA and Phylogeny of the Ascaridoidea (Nemata: Secernentea): Implications for Morphological Evolution and Classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 10(2): 221-236.


  • Nadler S.
  • Hudspeth D.


Nematodes of the superfamily Ascaridoidea are parasites of the alimentary tract of vertebrates and include species that are of medical and economic importance. Existing evolutionary hypotheses for these organisms have frequently been based on interpretation of one or few key structural or life history features. We used nuclear-encoded small (1,764 characters) and large subunit (757 characters) ribosomal DNA sequences to estimate the phylogeny of representative taxa from this superfamily. Trees inferred by maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood methods strongly support clades that are primarily consistent with one recent classification of the group. In contrast, most previously proposed phylogenetic hypotheses were significantly worse when compared to the maximum likelihood tree by a statistical method. Hypotheses for the evolution of morphological and life history characters were explored by parsimony mapping these features on several tree topologies, including optimal molecular trees and alternative topologies reflecting traditional expectations deemed not worse in statistical tests. The results identify some consistent putative shared-derived morphological features, but also strongly suggest that some key features emphasized by previous workers represent ancestral states or highly homoplastic characters.

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