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Citation for Study 9937

About Citation title: "Phylogenetic divergence, morphological and physiological differences distinguish a new Neotyphodium endophyte species in the grass Bromus auleticus from South America".
About This study was previously identified under the legacy study ID S2273 (Status: Published).

Citation

Iannone L., Cabral D., Schardl C.L., & Rossi M. 2008. Phylogenetic divergence, morphological and physiological differences distinguish a new Neotyphodium endophyte species in the grass Bromus auleticus from South America. Mycologia, 101(3): 340-351.

Authors

  • Iannone L.
  • Cabral D.
  • Schardl C.L. Phone 859-218-0730
  • Rossi M.

Abstract

The fungi of the genus Neotyphodium are systemic, constitutive, symbionts of grasses species of the subfamily Pooideae. In the Southern hemisphere, most of these asexual endophytes are the result of the hybridization between two sexual species from Northern hemisphere, EpichloŽ festucae and E. typhina. However, the ancestral sexual species have not been detected in this region. Several grasses from Argentina are infected by Neotyphodium species. These endophytes are in general very similar at macro- and micro-morphological levels, and phylogenetically conform to the species N. tembladerae. However the Neotyphodium spp. endophytes of some hosts, as Bromus auleticus and Poa rigidifolia have not been included in this species. In this work we studied the incidence and characterized the diversity of Neotyphodium species in populations of the native grass Bromus auleticus from Argentina. The incidence of endophytes was 100% in all populations investigated. Two groups of endophytes were differentiated by their morphologies, growth rates, conidial onthogenies, and by relative resistance to the fungicide benomyl. Phylogenetic trees inferred from tefA and tubB intron sequences indicated that both N. tembladerae and the novel morphotype were hybrids of E. festucae and E. typhina, but the ancestral E. typhina genotype distinguished them. Isolates from plants that inhabit coastal dunes, xerophytic forest, savannahs and hills were morphologically and phylogenetically similar to N. tembladerae, whereas the endophytes from the humid pampa plains conformed to the novel group. We propose to consider the endophyte of Bromus auleticus from humid pampas as a new species: Neotyphodium pampeanum.

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  • Canonical resource URI: http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/study/TB2:S9937
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